Know more about Ovarian Cancer

Know more about Ovarian Cancer

The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system and cancer of the ovary is not so common.
Ovarian cancer is the type of cancer that happens in the female reproductive organs, the ovaries.
There are mainly 3 types of ovarian cancer.

1. Epithelial ovarian cancer
2. Germ cell cancer and
3. Ovarian stromal cancer

Ovarian cancer has 4 stages depending on the growth of the tumor. The stage of the tumor is
determined after ovarian cancer has been detected. In Stage 1, the tumor is restricted to the ovary
or at least the fallopian tubes. In Stage II, cancer spreads beyond the two ovaries to the uterus
and other pelvic organs. In Stage III, cancerous cells are found in lymph nodes of the upper
abdomen. The cancer is said to be in its last stage or stage if it has spread to the liver, spleen, and
lungs.

How is the treatment done?

Surgery is the major option for treating ovarian cancer as this process is most effective in removing
as many cancer cells as possible from the patient body. Chemotherapy is another effective way to
treat ovarian cancer that is left in the body even after surgery.

Radiation therapy involves the use of high-intensity x-rays to destroy leftover cancer cells in the
pelvic region. Targeted therapy involves new oral medications or ones that are injected into the
body using IV to stop the metastasis of the cancer cells. Another effective way of dealing with
ovarian stromal cancer is hormone therapy in which hormone-blocking medications are injected into
the body that prevents the malignant cells from getting the hormones they need to grow.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

All ovarian cancer patients should strictly follow-up regimen given by the respective cancer doctors.
Patients should make healthy lifestyle choices after the treatment.

How long does it take to recover?

Women who undergo ovarian cancer treatment need time to recover both physically & mentally.
Surgical patients need at least 4-6 weeks of time before they can return to their normal routine of
their life.

If you would like to know more about Ovarian Cancer, consult with the Dr. Usha Kumar – The best
Cancer Surgeon in Delhi & best-known oncologist with a remarkable specialization in Medical
Oncology who treats patients with the utmost care.

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