Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, which is the part of the uterus or womb that exits into the vaginal canal. Squamous or flat cells protect the edge of the cervix, and glandular cells, which are largely inside the cervix and produce the fluid and mucus visible during ovulation, make up the normal cervix.
It is the only gynecologic cancer that may be avoided via frequent screening and immunization. It is caused by abnormal change in any of these cell types in the cervix. Women between the ages of 30 and 55 are most likely to get cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer and pre-cancers are generally asymptomatic. That is why getting a Pap test is important. Symptoms normally do not appear until the cells transform into cancer and infect the deepest part of the cervix or other pelvic organs.
What are the most common symptoms?
Cervical cancer patients often experience these symptoms.
Cancer or other health conditions may cause these symptoms. If a woman experiences any of these symptoms, she should consult her doctor.
How is Cervical Cancer Diagnosed?
A pelvic exam, including a rectovaginal exam, and a general examination should be conducted when a woman experiences troubling symptoms. Depending on the results of the colposcopy (observing the cervix via a magnifying scope) and biopsy, the lady may be suggested to have an HPV test or a colposcopy (observing the cervix through a magnifying scope) and biopsy. A biopsy may be conducted immediately if there is a visible growth or lesion. If necessary, further tests such as a CT scan or MRI of the abdomen or pelvis may be conducted. If cervical cancer is suspected or diagnosed, a surgical oncologist should be consulted first.
What are the treatment options?
Treatment is typically determined by the tumor’s clinical and radiological stage. Early cervical cancer is usually treated with surgery, although it can also be treated with radiation. The final decision will be based on a number of aspects, including the stage and size of your cancer, as well as your overall health.
What are the surgical options?
Radical Abdominal Hysterectomy can be done laparoscopically or via an abdominal incision. The term “radical” refers to the removal of the uterus, as well as the tissue between the uterus and the pelvic wall and a portion of the upper vagina. The cancerous lymph nodes in the pelvis are also removed and evaluated to see if it has spread (radical pelvic lymphadenectomy). Both ovaries and fallopian tubes may be removed in some circumstances. In some circumstances, surgery can be performed laparoscopically or robotically.
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Best Gynecologic Oncologist in Delhi
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