Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women you need to know

elvic Pain Causes explained by Dr. Usha M Kumar - the Best Gynaecologist in Delhi

Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women you need to know

The lowest portion of the abdomen, between the belly button and the groin, is affected by pelvic pain. Pelvic pain in some people may be a symptom of menstrual cramps, ovulation, or a digestive problem like food intolerance. It may also arise as a result of a more serious problem.

Pelvic pain may sometimes be a sign of an infection, a problem with the reproductive system, or a problem with other nearby organs. A person might need to see a gynaecologist in this situation. This article looks at the various possible causes of pelvic pain.

Causes of Pelvic Pain

1. Menstrual pain and cramps

These cramps are often felt in your lower tummy or back. They usually last one to three days. Why the pain? Your uterus develops a tissue lining each month. An embryo can develop and implant there. The lining disintegrates and is shed throughout your period if you are not able to get pregnant. You get a cramp, when the uterus tightens to push it out.  To treat discomfort, use a heating pad and over-the-counter painkillers. De-stressing and exercising can also be helpful. You can discuss PMS pain with your gynecologist as well.

2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Do you frequently have diarrhoea, constipation, or stomach discomfort, cramps, and bloating? To identify the issue, consult your doctor. IBS, often known as spastic colon, may be the cause. What causes it is unknown to doctors. Medication, stress management, and diet modifications may be helpful.

3. Ectopic Pregnancy

This occurs when an embryo starts to develop and implants outside of the uterus. This often develops in the fallopian tubes. Symptoms include nausea, dizziness, vaginal bleeding, sharp pelvic discomfort or cramps (especially on one side). Seek immediate medical attention.  This is a life-threatening emergency.

4. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

It is the primary preventable cause of female infertility. The uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes may suffer long-term harm. Symptoms might include stomach ache, fever, unusual vaginal discharge, and pain during intercourse or urine. To prevent harm, have it treated straight away. Antibiotics are used to treat it. You might need to be hospitalised if the situation is serious. Get your spouse or partner seen, too.

5. Ovarian Cysts

When you ovulate, your ovaries release eggs. A follicle may occasionally fail to release the egg. Or it either shuts again and fills with fluid. An ovarian cyst results from this. Usually harmless, they disappear on their own. However, they could result in pelvic pressure, bloating, swelling, and discomfort. A cyst might twist or burst, which can result in abrupt, excruciating pain that requires you to visit the emergency department. Doctors can detect them during a pelvic exam or ultrasound.

6. Uterine Fibroids

These develop on or within the uterine wall. Although they are occasionally referred to as fibroid tumours, they are not cancerous. Women in their 30s and 40s frequently get fibroids. Typically, they don’t create issues. However, some women may have back discomfort, heavy periods, difficult intercourse, or trouble conceiving. If you require therapies to reduce or eliminate them, discuss this with your doctor.

7. Endometriosis

In certain women, tissue that lines the uterus is imitating tissue that is developing outside the uterus. It can affect the intestines, bladder, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other bodily organs. These tissue clumps disintegrate when it’s time for your period. However, the tissue cannot leave the body. Although this is rarely harmful, it can hurt and create scar tissue, which may make it difficult to get pregnant. There are several alternatives for therapy. Options include painkillers, birth control tablets, hormones to stop periods, minor surgery with little incisions, and even a hysterectomy (the removal of the uterus).

8. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

Everyone has seen legs with varicose veins. (This image shows a wound to the upper thigh.) They occasionally can take place in the pelvis as well. Veins swell and hurt as blood builds up in them. Pelvic congestion syndrome is the term for this. It is challenging to identify and treat this illness. When you sit or stand, it often hurts more. It could feel better to lie down. But since the optimal course of action is still unknown, you must work with your doctor to understand your alternatives and select a solution that is effective for you.

9. Urinary Tract Infection

Do you need to urinate frequently, and if so, does it hurt? Or do you feel like you have a full bladder? Possibly a UTI. When bacteria enter your urinary tract, this occurs. It can be prevented from growing worse by receiving prompt treatment. However, it can lead to major harm if it spreads to the kidneys. Fever, nausea, vomiting, and lower back discomfort on one side are all indicators of a kidney infection.

10. Chronic Pelvic Pain

Chronic pain is defined as pain that lasts for more than six months. It could be so awful that it interferes with your relationships, employment, or sleep. Visit a doctor. The majority of the diseases we’ve discussed improve with therapy. Even after extensive testing, the exact reason of pelvic pain might sometimes be unknown. However, your doctor can still guide you toward methods of feeling better.

Women frequently have pelvic pain, which can have a variety of reasons. It may be acute or chronic. Home remedies and over-the-counter medications can effectively treat pelvic pain. But there are other dangerous disorders that might cause it and call for immediate medical attention.

If you have pelvic pain, it’s usually a good idea to consult your doctor, especially if it’s occurring frequently. To identify the causes, tests can be performed.

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