15 May What you need to know about Gynecologic Cancers?
There are many reasons as to why a woman might be prone to developing gynecologic cancer; however, some genes (oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes) may become damaged through smoking, aging, environmental influences, or inheritance and result in the uncontrolled spread and growth of abnormal cells. This spread of abnormal cells, originates from the female reproductive organs: the cervix, the ovaries, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the vagina, and the vulva. And although there are five common types of gynecologic cancers that women suffer from cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulva cancer, a sixth and very rare fallopian tube cancer also exists. A woman should be advised to seek medical care from the best oncologist in Delhi NCR if she experiences pain or any abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, after intercourse, or after menopause.
- Cervical Cancer – begins in the lower, narrow end of the uterus which connects to the top end of the vagina. Usually caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer tends to affect women mainly in their 30’s or over. When diagnosed early, cervical cancer is highly treatable, thus resulting in a high survival rate.
- Ovarian Cancer – begins in the ovaries, which are located on each side of the uterus, and is responsible for more deaths than any other cancer associated with the female reproductive system. Although, when caught at an early stage, ovarian cancer treatments tend to be quite effective.
- Uterine Cancer – begins in the uterus, which is the pear-shaped organ found in the woman’s pelvis, and where the baby grows while a woman is pregnant. Although the risk of being diagnosed with uterine cancer grows with age after menopause, all women are at risk of it.
- Vaginal Cancer – begins in the vagina, the hollow, tube-like channel situated at the bottom of the uterus that runs through to the outside of the body. Although virginal cancer is considered rare in most women, all women are actually at risk from it.
- Vulvar Cancer – begins in the vulva, which is the outer part of the female genital organ, and when put together with virginal cancer.
There exists a sixth gynecologic cancer, Fallopian Tube Cancer that begins in the fallopian tubes which connect the ovaries to the uterus; although this type of cancer is very rare, it is hardly ever spoken about.
Each gynecologic cancer has its own unique set of signs and symptoms, together with risk factors and prevention strategies. Although in general, when common gynecologic cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, they mostly can be treated quite effectively.
Dr. Usha M Kumar is one of the trusted and best oncologist in Delhi NCR. She specializes in gynecology and obstetrician and is well-known for her advanced infertility treatments and services like risky deliveries, hysterectomy surgery, ovarian drilling, Myomectomy. She is best in high-risk pregnancy, pregnancy diseases, and many more