07 Apr Everything you need to know about Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian cysts are more common than many people think. Here in this article, Dr. Usha M Kumar, the best Gynecologic Oncologist in India explains everything you need to know about Ovarian Cysts, its Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and treatment options available.
What are Ovarian Cysts?
An Ovarian Cyst is a large fluid-filled sac that can develop within or on the ovary. It is of two types simple which means a thin wall filled with fluid or can be complex that which means that it may contain thick fluid blood or solid areas.
How common are Ovarian Cysts?
Ovarian Cysts are very common most women will be unaware that they have a cyst as they often cause no symptoms and usually disappear spontaneously with time but one in ten women may need surgery at some point in their lives.
What are the Symptoms?
They are often asymptomatic and found either incidentally during a physical examination by Gynecologists or when a patient shows some symptoms like nausea, vomiting pain in the abdomen, pelvis, lower back, thigh, or unusual bleeding.
How are they Diagnosed?
As said they are usually diagnosed by either a physical examination by a gynecologist or by imaging studies such as a pelvic ultrasound or an MRI. What are the causes of Ovarian Cysts?
The most common causes of simple ovarian cysts are :
1) Hormonal Problems as seen in Polycystic Ovarian Disease.
2) Endometriosis where the cyst filled with blood.
3) Pregnancy in which a corpus luteal cyst is present to support the pregnancy initially.
4) Severe Pelvic Infections in which ovaries and fallopian tubes are stuck together to form a mass.
Can Ovarian Cysts Affect Fertility?
Not all ovarian cysts affect fertility. Some cells that become very large and require treatment like surgery or medication may reduce fertility.
Polycystic Ovary Disease and endometrioma are known to affect fertility. Can Ovarian Cysts Cause Cancer? Yes, rarely ovarian cysts can be cancerous the risk increases with age and family history. Postmenopausal women with ovarian cysts have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.
What are the treatment options?
The treatment option is dependent on the patient’s age their fertility status, symptoms, and how large the cyst is. Treatment can be conservative or medical in which patients are told to wait and watch a majority of the cysts disappear on their own. In cases of a larger cyst or when symptomatic conditions like pain during periods is present or in cases of twisting of the ovary then the surgical option is taken. A complex cyst usually required further evaluation and surgical removal may be needed.
Why should you come to Dr. Usha M Kumar for treatment of Ovarian Cysts?
Dr. Usha M Kumar, a best Gynecologic Oncologist in India with international standards and a high success rate uses advanced fertility treatments and enable couple with severe infertility problem to conceive successfully. As we know that all ovarian cysts do not cause infertility. Some cells tend to go on their own and some may be managed through medications but if a known cause is present like polycystic ovary syndrome, endometrioma, or some ovarian tumors then a patient should see a doctor sooner as it may reduce fertility if left untreated in fact a further plan of fertility treatment should be timely discussed. In cases where they are looking for pregnancy, we treat these patients with a customized treatment
In some cases where the patient has been trying for a long time or has some other factors causing infertility Dr. Usha M Kumar, the best Gynecologic Oncologist in India shares everything about Ovarian Cysts can maximize their chances of fertility by IVF technology. In some cases of complex cysts, we have a team of doctors who have fast experience and have had advanced training in performing minimally invasive surgery that is laparoscopy for the removal of these complicated cysts. If you have any questions or concerns regarding ovarian cysts you can drop your question in the comment section or call us on 9999293741.