Treating blocked Fallopian tubes

Treating blocked Fallopian tubes

A blockage of the fallopian tubes is one of the most common causes of infertility in about 40% of women. Fallopian tubes are passages through which the egg travels to reach the uterus and blockage of these tubes can put a stop to this from taking place.

The different types of fallopian tube blockages: 

  1. Proximal tubal occlusion

This involves the isthmus. This problem occurs after an illness like complications associated with abortion, caesarean, pelvic inflammatory disease.

  1. Mid-segment tubal obstruction

This problem occurs in the ampullary section of the fallopian tube. And the procedure is performed to put a stop to pregnancy perpetually.

  1. Distal tubal occlusion

This is a kind of blockage wherein the section of the fallopian tube that is close to the ovary is affected and is commonly associated with a condition known as hydrosalpinx  in which the fallopian tube is filled with fluid. The conditions that may give rise to this problem can include:

  1. Genital tuberculosis
  2. Ectopic pregnancy
  3. Tubal ligation removal
  4. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  5. Endometriosis
  6. Complications related to surgery of the lower abdomen

All these problems can lead to the development of scar tissue, adhesions, polyps or tumours to form inside the pathway. Moreover, the tubes can also get stuck to other body parts such as the ovaries, bladder, uterus and bowels. The fallopian tubes either get twisted or the tubes walls may stick together, leading to complete blockage. Moreover, even if the fallopian tubes are partially damaged, they can remain open so as to enable pregnancy to occur, while increasing your risk for ectopic pregnancy.

Treatment:

Hysteroscopic led cornual cannulation for proximal tubal blockage and tubal recanalization or IVF for tubal ligation and only IVF after delinking of tube in cases of hydrosalpinx. In cases of tuberculosis, anti-tubercular drugs are prescribed.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult the Best Gynecology doctor in Malviya Nagar – Dr. Usha Kumar & get answers to your questions!

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