25 Feb Signs and Symptoms of PCOS
PCOS, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is characterized by the formation of small cysts on the outsides of the enlarged ovaries. This is caused by the imbalance of hormones such as ‘estrogen’ and ‘progesterone’. PCOS generally affects heart function, body weight, menstrual cycle, and overall appearance. The ovarian cysts lead to menstrual abnormalities and cramps and also reduce fertility. It includes symptoms such as menstrual cramps, irregular periods, heavy flow, fatigue, nausea, etc. In a few cases, PCOS can also affect a woman during her mid-age. Here’s Dr. Usha M Kumar, the best gynaecologist for PCOS will tell you what are the Symptoms of PCOS, and how is the Health Condition Diagnosed?
Common Symptoms Include:
- Irregularities in periods.
- Acne problems.
- Sudden weight gain or weight loss problems.
- Reduction in size of breasts.
- Excess hair on body and face due to hormonal imbalance.
- Hair fall problem.
- Fertility problems.
- Pain in the pelvic region.
Including all these above symptoms, a woman can also experience other health problems such as high levels of bad cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
The actual causes behind PCOS remain unknown. However, it is genetically influenced in most cases. Overproduction of the male hormone ‘androgen’ increases the risks of this condition. The overproduction causes severe menstrual abnormalities and results in the development of ovarian cysts.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Once diagnosed, the individual is asked to go for treatment. PCOS doesn’t necessarily have a particular cure. However, its symptoms can be majorly controlled. Medications are given on the basis of the cause of the disease. Doctors also suggest a balanced diet along with exercises to control body weight and sugar levels. Often, PCOS leads to ovulation issues which can also be controlled by medication.
If you wish to discuss any specific problem or have a concern, you can always consult an expert, the best gynaecologist for PCOS – Dr. Usha M Kumar.