IVF Pregnancies and Their Management

What is IVF?

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a procedure that helps a woman to get pregnant. In this technique, the egg of the human is fertilised along with sperm in a laboratory. It is a treatment commonly used to treat infertility and genetic problems.

IVF PROCESS

In this technique, there is removal of eggs from the woman’s ovaries and then they are fertilised with sperms that are provided with sperms provided by her donor or partner. The fertilised eggs are then placed inside the womb of the woman. There are times when IVF treatment is given as a primary treatment for women suffering from infertility and are of age 40 years and above.

IVF pregnancy

IVF can also be used if the woman or her partner is suffering from some health conditions like:

  • Impaired sperm production: The sperm that has average concentration or abnormalities in size and shape has inability to fertilise an egg.
  • Fibroid in the uterus: Fibroid are benign tumours that are present on the wall of the uterus and are common in females of 30 years and above. This can be a hindrance in getting pregnant.
  • Endometriosis: This problem occurs when the uterine tissue grows outside the uterus and thus makes a woman infertile.
  • Disorder in ovulation: If there is absence of ovulation then very less eggs are available for the fertilisation.
  • Damaged Fallopian tube: If the Fallopian tube has a blockage then it is difficult for the egg to fertilise.
  • A genetic disorder: If your partner or you are at a risk of passing a disorder that is genetically inherited then you may candidates for pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. This process involves IVF.
  • Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions. If you’re about to start cancer treatment — such as radiation or chemotherapy — that could harm your fertility, IVF for fertility preservation may be an option.

SUCCESS OF IVF

Each time a woman has a cycle of IVF, there is 1 in 5 chance of getting pregnant. This chance decreases with increase in the age. Few females may need 5 cycles of treatment for success where as other may not even need that much. The success of IVF is better on younger woman than on older ones. The chances of having a healthy baby using IVF is dependent on many factors like age of the woman and reason behind infertility.

Talk to your gynaecologist if you have any query or schedule an appointment with Dr. Usha M Kumar, an eminent gynaecologist in Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket to know about factors that may apply to you and how they will affect your chances of successful pregnancy.

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